According to Gartner, Industrial Revolution 4.0 (or Fourth Industrial Revolution) comes from the concept of “Industrie 4.0” in a report of the German government in 2013. “Industrie 4.0” connects embedded systems and mechanics Intelligent manufacturing facility to create digital convergence between Industry, Business, functions and internal processes.
If the definition from Gartner is difficult to understand, Klaus Schwab, founder and executive chairman of the World Economic Forum brings a simpler view of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 as follows:
“The first industrial revolution uses water and steam energy to mechanize production. The second revolution took place thanks to the application of electricity for mass production. The third revolution used electronics and information technology to automate production Now, the Fourth Industrial Revolution is flourishing from the third revolution, it combines technologies together, blurring the line between physics and engineering digital and biological “.